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Tibet Geography

Tibet Location and Terrain

Geographically, Tibet lies to the south of Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qing Hai Province, to the west of Sichuan, to the northwest of Yunnan and to the north of India and Nepal. Northwest Tibet, mainly Qing Hai plateau, is home to a variety of unusual and unique animals. Across the northern expanse of Tibet, you can see vast grasslands where horses, yak and sheep roam freely. The world's lowest valley, the Grand Yarlun-tzanpo River Valley lies in east Tibet. Tibet is screened with world's greatest Mountain ranges: the Tanggula range to the north, the Himalayas to the south, the Hengduan Mountains to the east, the Kunlun Mountains to the west and the Nyainqentanglha and Kangdese ranges in the center. These mountain ranges run by leaps and bound across Tibet and show their beautiful snow-covered peaks against the bluest of skies. When talking about Tibet geography, we must mention the Himalayas to the south of the Tibetan Plateau, which is the youngest and highest range on the earth. Mt. Evereast is the highest peak in the world and stands in the middle of the Himalaya range.
Within the boundary of the Tibet Autonomous Region, there are over 20 rivers whose flow coverage is over 10,000 sq. KM, and 100 rivers, whose flow coverage is over 2,000 sq. KM. The famous rivers are the Yangtse, the Gyalmo Ngulchu, the Zachu and the Yarlung Tsangpo. The water of Tibet's rivers comes from rainfall, snow and underground water. The Tibet plateau is not only the biggest in size and the most spotted in lakes, but also the highest altitude of the surface of lakes. There are 1500 lakes, big and small, in Tibet plateau. The total area of lakes is more than 2,400 sq. KM, which accounts one-third of the national lake area. The water in these lakes is salty. Namtso Lake, the largest holy lake in this region, lies in northern Tibet. The lake covers 1,920 square KM and features crystal clear blue water. The holy lake attracts an endless flow of pilgrims from Nepal and India, and is famous for its natural scenery, as well as the uncountable of ducks and swans living in their natural habitat on the numerous islets. The splendid geography of Tibet itself is a big draw for travelers, where you will marvel at its amazing natural beauty!

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Question:What is the average altitude of Tibet geographically? Does Qinghai province belong to Tibet Plateau?

Answer:The average altitude of Tibet is about 4000 meters. Tibet Plateau include Tibet, Qinghai province, western part of Sichuan province, south part of Uygur Autonomous, and some part of Gansu and Yunnan.